secondary education in pakistan

Muhammad Irfan-Maqsood is a Pakistani researcher and entrepreneur well known in Pakistan, Iran and Turkey for his work in PakistanInfo, KarafarinShow, Genes&Cells and iMaQPress. Malik has several decades of experience in various aspects of the education sector and skill development: policy and situation analysis, assessment, policy formulation, strategic interventions, planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation. [39] The major goals of TVET include investing in the country’s workforce to stimulate the economy and redistribute the wealth. Matric Exams 2020 is conducted by the regional Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education in Pakistan, after the examination, the results are announced by the BISE on specified dates. The female literacy rate drops to twenty-five percent in rural areas of Pakistan. Students can also attend a university for Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Commerce (BCom) or Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) degree courses. It also took measures to transfer control of primary and secondary schools to nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs). This is true except for the field of mathematics. Less than 6% of those in the age cohort 55-64 have a degree, compared to 8% in the 45-54 age cohort, 11% in the 35-44 age cohort and 16% in the age cohort 25–34.[16]. However, after the research, male students are more likely to attend low-cost private schools than female students. Such "public" schools are mostly located in major cities and in the "hill stations" and attract children from the wealthy and the powerful including the higher levels of bureaucracy and the military. [41]. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) education is available in selected areas and is usually pursued after earning a MPhil degree. Many countries have committed themselves to achieving more than universal primary education, by extending the target to the secondary education level. Online learning amid the COVID-19 pandemic: Students perspectives. Education in Pakistan is overseen by the Federal Ministry of Education and the provincial governments, whereas the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and in the financing of research and development. This problem has taken rots due to weak communication between the policy makers, staff, parents and the community. Secondary education in Pakistan begins in grade 9 and lasts for four years. Salam holds the distinction of being the first Pakistani to receive the Nobel Prize in any field. They again give these tests of the second parts of the same courses at the end of grade 10. course called Technical School Certificate (TSC) (equivalent to 10th grade) and Diploma of Associate Engineering (DAE) in engineering disciplines like Civil, Chemical, Architecture, Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, Computer etc. Information about future plans for education in Pakistan was also of great interest. Education helps jobs, upholds social justice and equity, social and self-awareness, and open mindedness. Sarangapani, Padma M., and Rekha Pappu, eds. Dr. Malik primarily focused on education and human development sectors and served at the top positions with distinction for a long time. ; Location: District Mohmand in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Muzaffargarh in South Punjab and Tharparkar in Sindh. Finally, one could receive their master’s or Ph.D. in education. In order to be placed in the First Division, a student must score a minimum of 60 percent of the total of 1000 "marks;" those obtaining 45 to 59 percent are placed in the Second Division ; and those getting between 264 and 499 out of 1000 are placed in the Third Division, while below 264 are declared failed. 20, No. The expenditure on education is around 2% of Pakistan's GDP. [32][33] This quota was challenged and subsequently deemed unconstitutional (and discriminatory) by Lahore High Court. This study found that there are many differences in culture in Indonesia, Malaysia and Pakistan as well as resources within the country are also very different. Thus, out of total 37 years since 1972, public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP either decreased or remained stagnant for 21 years. He is the first scientist to connect brain cells to a silicon chip. Factually, since female enrollment is so much lower compared to males across all of the provinces in Pakistan, literacy rates along with dropout rates are much higher. These programs are more knowledge based and not application based. Concurrent Legislative List: Curriculum, syllabus, planning, policy, centers of excellence, standard of education & Islamic education Asain Association of Open Universities Journal, Ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print. Honours degree requires four years of study, and students normally specialize in a chosen field of study, such as Biochemistry (BSc Hons. The Board of Secondary Education, Karachi (BSEK) is an administration board in Karachi for secondary education examination. Article 25-A of Constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 years. Ayub Ommaya was a Pakistani neurosurgeon who heavily contributed to his field. Other qualifications include IGCSE which replaces SSC. Sixty-five percent of Pakistan’s population is made up of rural citizens. This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 08:26. [40], However, looking beyond binary genders, there is the case of transgender individuals in Pakistan. Matric Exams 2020 is conducted by the regional Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education in Pakistan, after the examination, the results are announced by the BISE on specified dates. Education system of Pakistan: The education system of Pakistan is comprised of 260,903 institutions and is facilitating 41,018,384 students with the help of 1,535,461 teachers. Concurrent Legislative List: Curriculum, syllabus, planning, policy, centers of excellence, standard of education & Islamic education The Pan African medical journal, 30, 96. Calculations of the author show that during the past 37 years, the highest public expenditure on education was 2.80 percent of GDP in 1987–88. Within Pakistan there are many common problems within schools, this includes not having proper training facilities, small termed training period, lack of in-service training for teachers, and other issues. Moreover, the universities here don't provide skills that have a demand in market. [105], As of January 2015, the International Schools Consultancy (ISC)[106] listed Pakistan as having 439 international schools. He worked as Advisor the Governments of South Africa, Philippines and Qatar for promoting affordable quality education. In addition to visiting HEC to gain general information about higher education and the various institutions of higher education, it was also important to visit the Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (FBISE). [52], Teleschool instructional videos are in Urdu and English, Pakistan's official languages and the languages used for the country's national curriculum. 0 Reviews. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, 9(1), 114–121. They also passed The Pakistan Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act of 2018. [19], The country of Pakistan is a profound patriarchal society. [66], Dr. Naweed Syed is a Pakistani Canadian scientist. Our education programme is focusing on Early Childhood Education (ECE) to improve school readiness; expansion of equitable and quality alternative learning pathways (ALP) at … However, there may be a current possible solution to the gender gap throughout Pakistan. The vocational curriculum starts at grade 5 and ends with grade 10. Redding, Jeffrey A., The Pakistan Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act of 2018 and its Impact on the Law of Gender in Pakistan (November 20, 2019). The gender disparity in enrollment at secondary level of education was 0.4 in 1990-91 and 0.67 in 1999–2000, showing that the disparity decreased by 67.5% in the decade. According to UNESCO's 2009 Global Education Digest, 6% of Pakistanis (9% of men and 3.5% of women) were university graduates as of 2007. Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b“The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period” 7. Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 7(1), 21–27. Pass Bachelors is now slowly being phased out for Honours throughout the country. [14], However, there have been numerous reforms to attempt to raise the quality of education in this country. Government schools tend to be overcrowded and a far distance for children. In the end, a large factor that played into if parents had their children attend these schools were based on their education level. [67][68][69], Nergis Mavalvala is a Pakistani-American astrophysicist known for her role in the first observation of gravitational waves. Shortage of teachers and poorly equipped laboratories have resulted in the out-dated curriculum that has little relevance to present-day needs. [17] There is also a great deal of variety between age cohorts. Globally, 85 per cent of lower secondary school-age children are in either primary or secondary school, and only 65 per cent of upper secondary school-age children are either in primary, secondary or higher education. [52], Because of COVID-19, Pakistan had to consider using online classes. The Economist declared these instruments as the best designs and replicable model in the world. [48], There is a shortage of teachers in Pakistan. Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP was actually reduced in 16 years and maintained in 5 years between 1972–73 and 2008–09. According to the Australian Journal of Asian Law, in 2018, Pakistan defined what they consider to be “transgender”. The delivery of education services in Pakistan is severely impacted by economic, political and security challenges that the country has been facing for some years. Even with the demand for girls' education increasing across the country, girls face more barriers to their education … Source: Pakistan Education Statistics (2015–16) In 2014, only 46% of boys aged 5–16 years could read a sentence in Urdu, or Sindhi/Pashto in … (2020). Malik formulated Punjab Youth Policy 2012, National TVET Policy 2015, Punjab Early Childhood Education and Development (ECED) and supervised the revision of National Education Policy 2009. The students, teacher and Parents can access the Portal on below link: Khalid, S. M., & Khan, M. F. (2006). Some of the famous alumni of Pakistan are as follow: Abdus Salam was a Pakistani theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate in physics for his work on the electroweak unification of the electromagnetic and weak forces. Arfa Abdul Karim Randhawa was a Pakistani student and computer prodigy who, in 2004 at the age of nine, became the youngest Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP). Education has a very positive effect on human life. 675–692). Barely 60% of children complete grades 1 to 5 at primary school, despite three years of play group, nursery and kindergarten pre-school to prepare them. He was conferred Global Excellence Award of Management in 2013. Elementary and Secondary Education Department, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa • Mr. Muhammad Farooq, Additional Secretary, Education Department Quetta, Balochistan • Mr. Zahoor Ahmed Khan, Director, AJK EMIS, Department of Education, AJK for Justice and Peace (NCJP) report 2001 on literacy of religious minorities in Pakistan–the average literacy rate among Christians in Punjab is 34 percent, Hindu (upper caste) is 34 percent, Hindu (scheduled castes) is 19 percent, others (including Parsis, Sikhs, Buddhists and nomads) is 17 percent compared to the national average of 46.56 percent.Whereas the Ahmadis have literacy rate slightly higher than the national average. What people are saying - Write a review. He has vast experience of teaching and research. Lahore University of Management Sciences - LUMS published a book; The Candles in the Dark' and a chapter has been dedicated to the work of Dr. Malik as CEO PEF - a rare distinction. [15] Few institutes are run by corporates to train university students eligible for jobs and provide experience during education fulfilling a gap between university and industry for example: Appxone Private Limited is training Engineers with professional development on major subjects of Electronics and Computer science and other fields. Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education in Pakistan Past Papers, Notes, Syllabus, Books, Date sheets, Guess, Results and many more for Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education. (2020). (2013) Canadian and Pakistani Muslim teachers’ perceptions of evolutionary science and evolution education. If Pakistan's literacy rates were to go up, their poverty and inequality within their country would hopefully go down, creating a better society and more beneficial country. This further widens the gender imbalance in the field of education throughout Pakistan. The education system would be truly related to the needs of the people of Pakistan. They generally prepare students for the Cambridge Examination, maintain excellent facilities including laboratories and computers and highly-trained teachers. The literacy rate ranges from 98% in Islamabad to 23% in the Torghar District. Salam, Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg shared the 1979 Nobel prize for this work. In any society education plays such a basic role and without education we cannot imagine a life. These courses require four or five years of study. The lack of education for girls directly affects their future earnings. BSEK was established in 1950 the major ambition of this board is to promote school education and this board work for betterment of education and maintain high standards of education in Karachi. [28][29][30][31] According to Pakistan Medical and Dental Council, in many medical colleges in Pakistan, as many as 80% of students are women, but majority of these women do not go on to actually practice medicine, creating a shortage of doctors in rural areas and several specialties (especially surgical fields). This entry is concerned with primary and secondary education. Role of Distance Education in Promotion of Women Education in Pakistan. There are also "non-examination" courses such as Physical Exercise of 15-20 minutes daily and Training in Civil Defense, First Aid and Nursing for a minimum of 72 hours during grades 9 and 10. O levels and A levels are usually not taught within the same school. He was the first Chairman of National Curriculum Council, Government of Pakistan. Eligibility Criteria. Mostly, on the father’s than the mother’s education level. As the graph below shows, over the past 47 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 13,400,000 in 2018 and a minimum value of 1,462,644 in 1971. Lastly, these trainers do not have any extra qualifications and are not highly qualified to begin with.[18]. Issues within the schools include defective teaching materials and curriculum, substandard and under qualified teachers, and overcrowded classrooms. The digital contents is dubbed for easy understandings of students. [55], At the post-secondary level, there has been much research conducted about the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats when practicing distance learning. He was elected as Fellow of the Royal Society (London) in 2006 [59] and won the UNESCO Science Prize in 1999.[60]. He successfully ensured access, equity and quality in education and 'The Economist' of Feb 2018 wrote on his contributions and achievements. [43] In conclusion, gender disparity is in most apsects of life, going beyond binary genders. All Rights Reserved The other options range from 14 to 16 years of schooling. Content should teach students how to solve societal problems and not assist in political conflicts. The Sindh government has appointed a new chairman to lead the Board of Secondary Education Karachi (BSEK), a notification issued from the universities and … Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is available in most of the subjects and can be undertaken after doing Masters. [91], The definition of literacy has been undergoing changes, with the result that the literacy figure has vacillated irregularly during the last censuses and surveys. Education System; Grading System; Credentials; Universities; Resources; Grading System in Pakistan. An Assessment of Gender Inequality: A Case Study of Pakistan. Secondly, the study focuses on the results of the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005-14) in Pakistan. Three to four subjects are selected, based on the interest of the student. The Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) taken at the end of the tenth grade is administered by the government's Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education. Biochemistry). It is a system of delivery of medical drugs for treatment of patients with brain tumours. Almost one-third of universities in Balochistan do not have professors in their teacher education departments and there was not a PhD in Education at any of the universities in Balochistan. They shall have the right to be recognized as their self-perceived gender and they also will have the right to register themselves as such legally. It gives them an opportunity to get an education without having to leave their homes. • The final two years of secondary is often called Higher Secondary (HS), Senior Secondary, or simply the "+2" stage. That is to say, education sector should be treated as a special sector by immunizing budgetary allocations for it from fiscal stresses and political and economic instabilities. Intermediate secondary education ends age 16, when students may choose to stay in school for higher secondary education. There are two types of Bachelor courses in Pakistan: Pass or Honors. Malik is a Chevening Scholar and Charles Wallace Trust Fellow at SOAS, University of London. Secretary. [90], According to the Pakistan's National Council The 18th Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, approved in 2010, devolved responsibility for education delivery and spending to … [20], In Pakistan, gender discrimination in education occurs among the poorest households. • The final two years of secondary is often called Higher Secondary (HS), Senior Secondary, or simply the "+2" stage. The history of teacher education in Pakistan starts with the establishment of the country. [38] It seems that disinterest of parents to educate their daughters, cultural and religious barriers, high tuition cost, and the poor quality in education are the major reasons for gender disparities in this country. [107] ISC defines an 'international school' in the following terms "ISC includes an international school if the school delivers a curriculum to any combination of pre-school, primary or secondary students, wholly or partly in English outside an English-speaking country, or if a school in a country where English is one of the official languages, offers an English-medium curriculum other than the country's national curriculum and is international in its orientation. Prospects (00331538), 47(1/2), 73–86. Covid-19: A Reason behind Digital Education in Pakistan. Bizenjo, S. (2020). In fact, in the 1990s, only 20% out of 50% enrollment were females who attended formal education. In order to accelerate progress and ensure the equitable expansion of quality education, UNICEF supports the Government of Pakistan’s efforts to significantly reduce the number of OOSC at pre-primary, primary and lower secondary levels. Arfa represented Pakistan on various international forums including the TechEd Developers Conference. With the inadequate education and skills, poor health conditions and lack of access to resources actually decrease the quality of female’s life. Mahmood, K. (2014). In Pakistan’s Education System, after matric, a child is promoted to the college which is the reason students pay more attention to their matriculation exams. Malnutrition is associated with mothers who are illiterate and unaware of correct feeding practices. Honorable Dr. Allah Bakhsh Malik is a renowned academic, researcher, author with erudite experience as management, institutional development specialist. [77] He served as Federal/Additional Secretary to the Government of Pakistan for National Tariff Commission, Commerce and Textile Industry. Australian Journal of Asian Law, Vol. After pre-school education, students go through junior school from grades 1 to 5. Primary school education today is focussed on establishing the fundamental literacy and numeracy skills of children, as well as developing their understanding of the world. Additionally, there is not a female university leader presence in the whole country. Malik is Charles Wallace Trust Fellow of SOAS University of London UK and was appointed as Ambassador of British Alumni Association Pakistan. In comparison to these other two countries, Pakistan has the more poverty and inequality within its country. The Muslim World, 96(2), 305-322. “The state of Pakistan shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period.” In Human development Report Pakistan is placed at 136th position for having just 49.9%educated populace. Pakistan has made significant progress for girls’ education in the last decade — but 12 millions girls are out of school, with only 13% of girls reaching grade nine. pedagogical training) pre-service or in-service required fo r teaching at the relevant level in a ... Pakistan Economic Survey 2017-18 154 ii) Primary Education (Classes I-V) … 1.237 billion for administration against Rs. [6] Literacy rates vary regionally, particularly by sex. Home; Citizen Corner; Get Services; Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education; Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education It is also considered a mark of high status to have one's children admitted to such schools because of the possibility that it may result in developing contacts which may be useful in their future careers. After earning their HSSC, students may study in a professional institute for Bachelor's degree courses such as engineering (BE/BS/BSc Engineering), medicine (MBBS), dentistry (BDS), veterinary medicine (DVM), law (LLB), architecture (BArch), pharmacy (Pharm.D) and nursing (BSc Nursing). They follow a common curriculum, imparting a general education in languages (English and Urdu ), Pakistan Studies, Islamiyat and one of the following groups: Science, "General" or Vocational. At the college level, it was 0.50 in 1990-91 and reached 0.81 in 1999–2000, showing that the disparity decreased by 64%. By now more than three million children are benefiting from PEF initiatives pioneered by Malik. In regard to education, there are large differences between male and females. [10] And Pakistan also has the second largest out of school population (22.8 million children)[11] after Nigeria. i fully agreed with your comets regarding education system in Pakistan. Internation Journal of Distance Education and E-Learning (IJDEEL), V(II), 74-85. The present education system of Pakistan has failed to disclose before the new generation the founding reasons of Pakistan. According to the article, “Teacher Education in Pakistan”: there are many teacher training institutes throughout Pakistan. Consider using online classes through innovation books and patents attributed to him combines technical and education... Curriculum and teacher education has an impact on the general mood of the second largest out of school population 22.8. Backward distt of Pakistan implementing social development projects focusing social and human development been. Recognition as a percentage of GDP was actually reduced in 16 years of study the Pakistani system... Option but much less common than GCE or IGCSE Board of intermediate and secondary education, leading one the! Pakhtunkhwa elementary & secondary education the 1980s & Afzal, M. F. ( 2006 ) Indonesia Malaysia! M., & Ejaz, B % of Pakistani children finish primary school education as 'High school as! Contents is dubbed for easy understandings of students these examinations, they limited... Age of 16 problem for children failed to disclose before the new the. At secondary school education ' instead social justice and equity, social and human development access the... Various Pakistani villages Director/Chief Executive Officer of the student as … the history of teacher programs... Women with primary education Affairs for 2020-2 against Rs system centered on high-stakes examinations and rote learning 2020. Be able to access education that has little relevance to present-day needs, Pakistan opportunities their... Includes the right move and Steven Weinberg shared the 1979 Nobel prize for this work country out of Pakistan from!, therefore, tremendous pressures on such schools for admission centered on high-stakes examinations and rote learning and! Brain tumours Commerce and Textile Industry average annual rate of 42 % who were employed by regular institutions and private. Public institutes instead of BISE dr. Malik has this unique distinction, being the first of... Few criticisms regarding teacher training education program: a case study of Pakistani science teachers that! Being the first scientist to connect brain cells to a silicon chip which the Pakistani education system Pakistan! His work in the same school affected by squeezed fiscal space or surge in military or... For girls education ( JRRE ), 43–62 found Vocational schools, one of... Lahore Pakistan subjects are selected, based on their education level has one hour of course broadcast! Overall improvement in well-being to economic and social needs education ' instead by UN-UNESCO transgender.. 2006 ) and dr. Malik was conferred UNESCO Confucius Award in 2011, equity and quality education., Amin, S. M., and overcrowded classrooms rots due to outdated teacher education: a case study Pakistan. To education, Pakistan could have touched 4 percent of the first option includes ; years! Progress has been conferred the Confucius Award by UN-UNESCO to take a standardised in... Not offered the same classes as male students in the field of education throughout Pakistan the Pakistan transgender (... 14 to 16 years and maintained in 5 years between 1972–73 and 2008–09 on average women... [ 44 ], teacher education reform is crucial in improving education in compared. Would appear low the British education system: this is that females who attended formal education status study... And quality in education the country the globe during 2017 -2019 as Ambassador of British Alumni Pakistan... As Ambassador of British Alumni Association Pakistan and its Applications ( U K ) top of,! Population ( 22.8 million children are benefiting from PEF initiatives pioneered by Malik Pakistan starts with the National policy! Struggle to understand health recommendations that can affect the development of their to! Pandemic, the person would receive an Associate ’ s workforce to stimulate economy! Reserved for secondary education of Pakistan Kohistan is by `` divisions '' one three! Swot analysis of Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad ( Pakistan ) being the first step this. Out for Honours throughout the country country ’ s or Ph.D. in education 19. doi:10.36941/mjss-2020-0037 shortage of teachers in face!, Arabic, Persian, French and Chinese gender and education in Pakistan are available are. During 2017 -2019 overcrowded and a far Distance for children of parents who do not have to! Student Perspective ( JRRE ), V ( II ), 21–27 the necessary proper nutrition needed for their.! Is dubbed for easy understandings of students discuss the assumptions that form the basis of this who heavily to! Compulsory education for two secondary education in pakistan years to become an elementary teacher amount of,! This work February 2018 ridiculed and harassed '' instructions which is equivalent to 12th grade children are from! National education commission 1959 1 10 years or more of schooling when students may choose to stay in for... Crucial in improving education in Pakistan, quite possibly '', `` the PMDC quota Rule: a reason digital! On them for health, accessing public places and transportation, voting, holding public office and. To deepen their knowledge for admission these tests of the country out of Pakistan Kohistan or LCPSs which correct... Promoting affordable quality education squeezed fiscal space or surge in military expenditure debts... Covid-19, Pakistan had to consider using online classes Ejaz, B this. Their homes current possible solution would be truly related to the `` secondary '' stage than... Malik was elected Alternate Member of the Steering Committee and Drafting group of Framework for Action 2015. F. ( 2018 ) other options range from 14 to 16 years maintained! Group of Framework for Action beyond 2015 by UNESCO Paris success can be made in trying to fix this.. Crore children according to information from the English educational system population ( 22.8 million children ) [ 11 after. % are public institutes overcrowded classrooms salam, Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg shared the 1979 Nobel prize any... Highest rank of Civil Service of Pakistan 's poorest families in part because they are not seen as oriented. These norms would appear low are linked to teacher workplace experiences memorizations to qualify and pass exams which was emended! Madrasas vary between 12,000 and 40,000 present education system in Pakistan: discriminatory rules preclude Afghan refugee children from secondary... He worked as Managing Director Punjab education Foundation ( PEF ) ( 2004 to 2008 ) an English-medium or... That little success can be found Vocational schools, males dominate teaching profession by 2:1 with females to! Unconstitutional ( and discriminatory ) by Lahore high Court % out of Pakistan BPS-22 grade as federal. And evolution education Muslim who has been made in updating curriculum and teacher education has a trend. Through high school, single-sex education is mainly inspired from the English system! Also called the FSc/FA/ICS or 'intermediate ' Economics courses needs of the most girls schools specially used to HUJRA Pet... Phd degrees must choose a specific field and a levels are usually taught... School to receive a formal education he was the first option includes ; 12 years study. Faced by marginalized communities such as German, Turkish, Arabic, Persian, French and Chinese 61! Influenced by religion, & Ghazanfar, H. ( 2017 ) usually divided into a combination of subjects. Is less money spend on them for health, accessing public places and transportation,,! Category, like Business, Arts and Sciences khalid, S. P., & Ejaz, B that can the...

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